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Drayage - The Waggon Freight Dictionary

Written By:
Picture of Robert Rajfer
Robert Rajfer

Robert has worked in the supply chain / logistics industry for the past five years. Robert spent the first three years of his career at C.H. Robinson (NASDAQ: CHRW) and the following years at Flock Freight (backed by SoftBank, Google Ventures, and Signal Fire).

Key takeaways:

  • Drayage is the short-distance movement of goods, often within the same area, connecting different transport modes, such as ships and trucks. It's vital for smooth transitions in logistics chains.
  • There are many types of drayage services, such as shuttle, pier, door-to-door, inter-carrier, and expedited drayage. Each serves a specific need in moving cargo efficiently from one point to another.
  • Intermodal drayage saves money and speeds up delivery by using different transportation methods. This makes shipping more efficient.
  • Businesses rely on specialized trucks for drayage to ensure their goods move quickly and safely to their next destination. This includes reefer trucks for perishable items needing temperature control.
  • Waggon offers specialized services with experienced personnel and the latest technology to handle drayage transportation effectively.

Drayage Services In Logistics: A Guide By Waggon

Drayage services are crucial, bridging transport modes within the logistics network.

Waggon’s drayage services streamline supply chains, ensuring goods move smoothly from ports to warehouses or distribution centers.

Drayage - The Waggon Freight Dictionary1

The Role of Drayage in the Supply Chain Process

Drayage acts as a vital link between different parts of the supply chain.

This process ensures that goods are smoothly transferred from ships to trucks or trains to their final destination.

Think of it like a relay race—drayage is when one runner hands off the baton to the next.

It connects ports, rail yards, and warehouses.

Without this crucial step, items wouldn’t be made by global suppliers and make it to local stores worldwide.

Contact Waggon for a no-obligation quote to fulfill your Drayage shipping and logistics needs.

Our team is here to streamline your shipping process and ensure your goods are transported efficiently and securely.

Table of Contents

Defining Drayage - The Freight Dictionary

Drayage Definition

Drayage is a vital part of moving goods.

It’s a short trip for cargo from one transport hub to another nearby.

This might be from a port to a rail yard or from one truck stop to another.

Short trips are vital because they connect more extended parts of shipping routes, like ocean travel and ground transport.

This service has significant benefits for businesses shipping goods over large distances.

It ensures items get where they need to go on time and at lower costs.

Plus, as more products are made and shipped around the U.S., drayage helps keep everything moving smoothly.

Switching between ships, trains, trucks, and planes, which move cargo across counties or continents, would be difficult without drayage.

Drayage-The Waggon Freight Dictionary

Different Types of Drayage Services

There are various drayage services, each crucial for efficiently moving goods.

They play a specific role in ensuring your cargo reaches its next stop safely and on time.

  • Shuttle Drayage
  • Pier Drayage
  • Door-to-Door Drayage
  • Inter-Carrier Drayage
  • Intra-Carrier Drayage
  • Expedited Drayage

Choosing between these drayage services depends on your shipping needs, such as speed and destination type.

Partner with Waggon for the best logistics solutions customized to meet your needs.

Let us streamline your shipping process and help you transport goods quickly, securely, and efficiently.

Frequently Asked Questions

  • What Is Drayage?

    Drayage moves goods over short distances, often within the same metropolitan area.

    It’s a crucial step in logistics, especially for businesses that rely on shipping goods quickly and efficiently.

    This service is crucial for connecting different modes of transportation — like from a ship to a truck or from a rail hub to a warehouse.

    Drayage helps move cargo from ports, rail terminals, warehouses, and other freight hubs to their final destinations.

    Drayage: The vital link between long journeys and final delivery steps.

  • What Is An Example Of A Drayage?

    Imagine a giant container ship docking at a Los Angeles port.

    It’s full of electronics from Asia for U.S. stores.

    The first step in getting these goods to customers is drayage.

    Here’s how it works.

    A special truck, called a drayage truck, picks up one of those big containers right off the ship and takes it to a nearby warehouse.

    Workers break down the container at the warehouse and prepare goods for further travel across the country.

    In another case, consider a factory that makes furniture in North Carolina that needs raw materials quickly from a nearby rail yard.

    A drayage service steps in here, too.

    They move those materials straight to the factory’s door from the rail yard, ensuring production goes smoothly without costly delays.

  • What's The Difference Between Freight And Drayage?

    Freight is the term for goods being transported from one place to another.

    It covers all types of cargo, big and small, going near or far.

    Drayage refers to moving freight over a short distance, often within the same city or region.

    Think of drayage as a link connecting longer transportation routes – from a port to a warehouse.

    While freight can travel across countries by truck, ship, or plane, drayage usually involves trucks taking containers short distances.

    Understanding this difference helps businesses that rely on shipping goods plan better and use services like intermodal transport effectively.

  • What Is The Difference Between Dray And Drayage?

    Moving from the conversation of freight versus drayage, let’s focus on dray compared to drayage.

    Dray is a term with roots in history, describing a solid cart without sides that horses pulled.

    It was mainly used for heavy loads.

    Today, this concept has evolved but remains connected to moving goods.

    Drayage is the process that moves those goods over short distances, such as from a port to a warehouse.

    While “dray” refers to old methods of moving cargo, “drayage” refers to today’s crucial steps in shipping freight and handling goods across short lengths within the modern supply chain system.

  • What Is The Difference Between Container And Drayage?

    Container refers to the large steel boxes that carry goods.

    They move from ships to trucks or trains.

    This is part of shipping and moving products around the world.

    Drayage means moving these containers short distances.

    Often, this is from a port to a nearby warehouse or from one transport mode to another.

  • Why Do They Call It Drayage?

    Drayage comes from an old word meaning to haul by a low, sideless cart called a “dray.”

    Horses pulled these carts.

    They moved goods short distances, like from container ships to warehouses.

    This term stuck around.

    It means moving container freight quickly, like from ports to nearby places.

    Drayage is critical for the container shipping industry.

    It moves goods smoothly between transport modes or within one area.

  • Is Drayage The First Mile?

    Yes, drayage is often the first mile in logistics.

    It’s the local movement of goods over a short distance.

    This step is critical in getting products from ports or rail yards to their next stop.

    Imagine it like a relay race where drayage is the handoff of cargo to begin its journey.

    This service significantly affects business owners and managers when shipping goods.

    Without it, freight would not move efficiently from start to finish.

    Drayage connects various transport modes, ensuring items reach their final destination on time.

  • What Kind Of Trucks Are Used For Drayage?

    Specialized drayage trucks move containerized cargo.

    These vehicles are built to efficiently transport large containers from ports, rail yards, and shipping docks.

    They are crucial in ensuring goods get to their next stop quickly and carefully.

    These drayage trucks vary in type to match different needs in the logistics chain.

    Some are equipped for hauling heavy loads over short distances between intermodal points — like from a port to a nearby warehouse.

    Others might have features suited for refrigerated goods, such as reefer drayage vehicles, which keep perishable items at the right temperature during transit.

  • What Is Reefer Drayage?

    Reefer drayage moves refrigerated goods over short distances, crucial for keeping perishable items safe and fresh.

    This part of logistics needs trucks equipped with unique cooling systems.

    These trucks help transport food or medical supplies that must stay cold from ports to warehouses or stores.

    Effective reefer drayage ensures our daily essentials remain fresh from port to store.

  • What Is A Drop Fee In Drayage?

    A drop fee in drayage is a charge that trucking companies apply when they deliver a container to its destination point.

    This fee covers moving the container off the truck and leaving it at a warehouse, loading dock, or other location.

    The amount varies and can add to other charges like pre-pull costs, impacting your shipping expenses.

  • Who Uses Drayage?

    Any business moving goods over short distances likely uses drayage services at some point.

    Retailers and manufacturers use drayage to move goods from ports to warehouses.

    E-commerce companies need it for quick transportation of products.

    Even agriculture producers depend on drayage to efficiently transport their goods from fields to markets.

    Drayage is vital for event organizers, too.

    They often need equipment moved promptly from one location to another.

    Similarly, freight services and logistics providers count on drayage companies to complete the supply chain puzzle for their clients.

  • What Is The Most Common Problem In Refrigerated Shipping Containers?

    Keeping refrigerated shipping containers running correctly is vital for businesses moving goods.

    One big issue stands out: not keeping up with regular maintenance.

    This can lead to many problems, like the cooling units breaking down.

    Also, if the insulation isn’t working well or there are gaps in sealing, the inside temperature might not stay where it should be.

    Other times, power mishaps or temperature changes happen because something went wrong with how things were set up or kept going.

    Besides these issues, water buildup inside can also mess things up by making conditions less stable for what’s being moved.

Final Steps for Efficient Drayage Services

Working closely with Waggon ensures smooth transportation with our drayage services.

We help manage risks, fees, and all the necessary details for moving your goods.

It’s about getting everything right — from the paperwork to pick-up times.

We ensure your cargo moves quickly and safely from point A to B without hassle.

Drayage - The Waggon Freight Dictionary3

Coordinating With Waggon

Working with a Waggon helps avoid delays and ensures your goods move smoothly.

Our services are thoroughly planned to pick the best routes for transport.

Good coordination means less waiting time for your shipments.

We are experts in handling short-haul trucking and long-haul shipping processes, including port or rail yard movements.

Required Information For Drayage Services

Getting your goods moved smoothly requires knowing what your drayage service needs.

Waggon Drayage services ensure your goods arrive safely and efficiently by following these thorough steps.

  1. Shipment Details – We always take down the basics: what’s being shipped, its weight, and its dimensions. This information tells us what kind of truck or container will work best.
  2. Pick-up and Delivery Locations – We always know where your shipment is coming from and where it’s going. This includes specific addresses and critical location details (like dock numbers).
  3. Type of Goods – Is it electronics, perishables, or something else? Certain items have special rules or need extra care. We ensure we know what you are moving to service it properly.
  4. Container Numbers – Those identification numbers are necessary if you’re moving containers. They help us keep track of exactly which boxes are yours.
  5. BOL (Bill of Lading) – Consider this your shipment’s ID card. It lists everything about the move, including items, amounts, destination, etc. We make sure all the information is correct and ready for shipping.
  6. Special Instructions – Do you Need liftgate service? Do you have fragile items? We will provide one! We get this information upfront to avoid surprises later.
  7. Contact Info – We coordinate the proper contacts for any questions or updates at pick-up and delivery points.
  8. Freight Value – Knowing this helps in pairing the right insurance coverage to protect your goods during transport.
  9. Loading and Unloading Needs – We understand if you require assistance loading or unloading at either end of the journey.
  10. Deadlines – Do you have a must-meet delivery date? We ensure this is communicated so the schedule can be planned accurately.

Experience the efficiency of Waggon’s supply chain and logistics services.

We deliver your freight on time, every time — Contact us today to ensure your shipping needs are met with precision and reliability.

Optimizing Your Logistics with Waggon's Drayage Services

Drayage services are like puzzle pieces in the big picture of logistics.

Waggon helps put these pieces together, making shipping smoother and more efficient.

We understand the different types of drayage and how technology makes shipping your goods more efficient.

Thanks to Waggon, companies can trust that their drayage needs are managed effectively, ensuring they are well-prepared for the fast-paced demands of shipping and logistics.

Choose Waggon to safely and efficiently manage your shipments.

Take the first step towards resolving your logistics challenges by requesting a quote today — our experienced team is ready to assist you.

Frequently Asked Questions

  • What Is Drayage In Logistics?

    Drayage moves freight over a short distance, often part of the intermodal shipping process.

    It links different transportation modes and services, like trucks and trains.

  • What Makes Waggon's Drayage Services Stand Out From Competitors?

    Waggon’s drayage services stand out due to our commitment to safety, reliability, and efficiency.

    We use the latest technology and employ experienced personnel to transport your goods safely.

    Our services are tailored to meet each client’s unique needs, providing flexible scheduling and cost-effective solutions.

    Our nationwide coverage ensures your shipments are handled with the utmost care and professionalism.

  • How Many Types Of Drayage Are There?

    There are several types: Shuttle, Pier, Door-to-Door, Inter-Carrier, Intra-Carrier, and Expedited.

    Each plays a unique role in transporting goods efficiently.

  • How Can I Get A Quote For Drayage Shipping With Waggon?

    Getting a quote for Drayage shipping with Waggon is simple.

    Visit our website and fill out the quote request form with details about your shipment, including the type of goods, quantity, and destination.

    Alternatively, you can contact our customer service team via phone or email.

    Our experienced team will promptly provide you with a no-obligation quote tailored to your shipping needs.

  • Why Is Drayage Important?

    It is critical for smoothly moving goods from ports to warehouses or final destinations and for timely order fulfillment.

  • Can You Explain Intermodal Containers?

    Intermodal containers are large boxes used for multimodal transport.

    They can be moved easily between ships, trains, and trucks without unloading cargo.

  • What Does The Term "Drayage" Come From?

    The word traces back to when goods were transported by a sideless cart called a “dray.”

    Today, it refers to a vital part of modern logistics.

  • Where Do I Find Services For Draying My Freight?

    For reliable options, look into companies specializing in logistics industry services, especially those with expertise in the Intermodal Association of North America.

Written By:
Picture of Robert Rajfer
Robert Rajfer

Robert has worked in the supply chain / logistics industry for the past five years. Robert spent the first three years of his career at C.H. Robinson (NASDAQ: CHRW) and the following years at Flock Freight (backed by SoftBank, Google Ventures, and Signal Fire).

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Waggon proactively offers custom solutions that align with shippers’ specific needs — not the other way around.

By transcending conventional norms, we deliver on client expectations like no other.

Ready to ship with Waggon?

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Need to
Ship Your Load?

Our team of logistics experts has the knowledge and experience needed to serve businesses of all sizes.

Waggon proactively offers custom solutions that align with shippers’ specific needs — not the other way around.

By transcending conventional norms, we deliver on client expectations like no other.

Ready to ship with Waggon?

“Drayage Truck Best Practices to Improve Air Quality.” U.S. Environmental Protection Agency,





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